What are freckles?
Freckles are small brown spots on your skin, often in areas that get sun exposure. In most cases, freckles are harmless. They form as a result of overproduction of melanin, which is responsible for skin and hair color (pigmentation). Overall, freckles come from ultraviolet (UV) radiation stimulation.
Freckles are commonly found in skin types I–IV and are uncommonly noted in skin type V. They are seen as small, poorly marginated, pale brown macules on sun-exposed skin areas. Often there is a genetic predisposition. Microscopically, an increased amount of melanin is produced in the melanocytes. Sun exposure results in the aggravation of freckles, and there is an increase in density and color in the summer months.
How to remove freckles?
The laser treatments such as Q-switch Nd:YAG and PicoSure laser are mostly common used to get rid of freckles. The procedures are fast and effective.